Initial clinical characteristics include fever, sore throat, headache, and vomiting, often with stiffness of the neck and back. Polio medically termed poliomyelitis is derived from greek words polio meaning grey and. Polio is a highly contagious viral infection that causes paralysis, breathing problems, and may be fatal. Poliomyelitis is first known to have occurred nearly 6000 years ago, as evidenced by the withered and deformed limbs of certain egyptian mummies. Worldwide, who estimates that some 140 000 new cases of paralytic poliomyelitis occurred in 1992. Poliomyelitis chapter 4 2020 yellow book travelers. In other words, polio is mostly transmitted by drinking water that has been contaminated by the feces of a person carrying the poliovirus. Polio can lead to the death of infected patients when the paralysis is immobilizing their breathing muscles. Word finding difficulty as a postpolio sequelae rev.
Poliomyelitis definition, an acute viral disease, usually affecting children and young adults, caused by any of three polioviruses, characterized by inflammation of the motor neurons of the brain stem and spinal cord, and resulting in a motor paralysis, followed by muscular. Poliomyelitis poliomyelitis is an acute viral infection which ranges in severity from a nonspecific illness to paralysis with permanent disability. Symptoms, treatments, and vaccines medical news today. It is caused by infection with the poliovirus which can be spread by direct persontoperson contact, by contact with infected mucus or phlegm from the nose or mouth, or by contact with infected feces. Polio, as a social disease, was first detected in italy after world war i. Polio poliomyelitis is a highly infectious viral disease. Upaya eradikasi global telah berhasil menurunkan kasus poliomielitis secara dramatis dari jumlah. The history of polio poliomyelitis infections began popping up during prehistory. The words polio grey and myelon marrow, indicating the spinal cord are derived from the greek. The development of effective vaccines to prevent paralytic polio was. The weakness most often involves the legs, but may less commonly involve the muscles of the head, neck and diaphragm.
Poliomyelitis definition of poliomyelitis by medical. Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus belonging to the. Polio was epidemic in the united states and the world in the 20th century, especially in the 1940s and 1950s. Poliomyelitis is a viral disease that can affect nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis. Immunology and vaccinepreventable diseases pink book. Infected patients would be placed in an airtight tube with their heads outside and the machine decreased the. It is the effect of poliomyelitis virus on the spinal cord that leads to the classic manifestation of paralysis. Geen watermerken omzetten van pdf naar word in enkele. Pdf background globally, the world health organization has. A guide to introducing inactivated polio vaccine world health. A highly infectious viral disease that chiefly affects children and, in its acute forms, causes inflammation of motor neurons of the spinal cord and brainstem, leading to paralysis, muscular atrophy, and often deformity. Infection with poliovirus results in a spectrum of clinical manifestations from inapparent infection to nonspecific febrile illness. Infection with poliovirus results in a spectrum of clinical manifestations from inapparent infection to nonspecific febrile illness, aseptic meningitis, paralytic disease, and death.
Savannah behrmann, usa today, someones life could depend on it. The usual symptoms are slight fever, malaise, headache, sore throat and vomiting which hit 35 days after exposure to the polio virus. Of all polio survivors surveyed, 79% reported difficulty thinking of words i want to say, with. It accounts for 8090% of clinically apparent cases of polio infection, chiefly in young children. Pendahuluan poliomyelitis adalah infeksi enterovirus yang menyebabkan 4 manifestasi klinis. Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. Poliomyelitis definition of poliomyelitis by merriamwebster. Met deze gratis online pdf naar doc converter kun je een pdf bestand als een bewerkbaar document opslaan in microsoft word doc formaat, van een veel. It was not until the 1950s that a vaccine became available.
Cases due to wild poliovirus have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases then, to 33 reported cases in 2018. Over millennia, polio survived quietly as an endemic pathogen until the 1900s when major epidemics began to occur in europe. Poliomyelitis genetic and rare diseases information. Ppt poliomielitis powerpoint presentation free to view. Of these cognitive symptoms, word finding difficulty was least expected. We use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The word poliomyelitis originates from the greek word polio meaning grey. Recent examples on the web the technique of using plasma from people who have recovered from a disease to treat others with the same disease goes back more than a century and has been successful in stemming outbreaks of poliomyelitis, measles, mumps and influenza. Lewis 1891 an elementary latin dictionary, new york.
Poliomyelitis is a highly contagious disease caused by 3 serotypes of poliovirus. Polio poliomyelitis mainly affects children under 5 years of age. Although major polio epidemics were unknown before the 20th century, the disease has caused paralysis and death for much of human history. It is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus, a member of the genus. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Because of new safety requirements in handling polioviruses, cdc is the only laboratory allowed to test specimens from a suspected case of paralytic. Records from antiquity mention crippling diseases compatible with poliomyelitis. The virus is most common for attacking the nervous system and causing paralysis.
It is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus, a member of the genus enterovirus, belonging to the picornaviridae family. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. Get a better translation with 4,401,923,520 human contributions. Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the bodys nervous system. The cumulated number of children and adults with paralysis due to poliomyelitis is. The word poliomyelitis originates from the greek word polio meaning grey and.557 1156 1071 300 425 1378 311 224 457 1120 950 1376 875 455 431 333 970 350 497 423 1208 1215 349 141 891 1529 1006 1558 156 786 1482 1065 1028 950 211 1259 395 985 585 590 31 1233 638 1215 675 669 919 395 1008 1435